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Strengthening the management of diesel generators is an important prerequisite to ensure the safety of fishermen at sea
July 13, 2022
Modern fishing boats widely use advanced fishing machinery and instruments and equipment, and the diesel generator on the fishing boat is the power source of fishing boats at sea, the current operation of fishing boats sea area outreach large, long range, the host operating safety requirements significantly increased, the vast sea, once the mechanical aspects of the cause of fishing accidents, which will seriously threaten the lives of the people on board and the safety of property. Therefore, to strengthen the management of diesel generators is a very important prerequisite for fishermen to prepare for the sea.
Modern fishing boats widely use advanced fishing machinery and instruments and equipment, while the diesel generator on the fishing boat is the power source of the fishing boat at sea, the current operation of the fishing boat sea area outreach is large, the range is far, the safety requirements for the operation of the main engine is obviously increased, the vast sea, once due to mechanical reasons, resulting in fishing boat accidents, which will seriously threaten the lives of the people on board and the safety of property, so strengthen the diesel generator management is Therefore, strengthening the management of diesel generators is a very important prerequisite for fishermen to prepare for the sea.
1、Preparation work before starting the diesel engine
Open the cold water valve, check whether the seawater cooling system host cabinet water is sufficient; check whether there is enough diesel fuel in the diesel day cabinet, drain the sediment and residual water, open the oil valve, open the lubricating oil valve, check whether the oil level meets the requirements; check whether the battery capacity or compressed air pressure is sufficient to start; check whether the clutch and turning device is disengaged; check whether there are any obstacles in the axle brake, exclude the cylinder Residual oil, residual water.
2、Operating management staff on duty should pay attention to
In operation, the duty personnel should do "diligent listening, diligent touching, diligent checking", pay attention to the cooling water, lubricating oil pressure, temperature and exhaust temperature in the specified range, check whether there are abnormal phenomena and sound, check the amount of oil sump lubricating oil and timely replenishment, check whether the daily oil cabinet storage oil is sufficient, check whether the various parts of the machine are overheated or overcooled Phenomenon, often check each system for water, oil and gas leaks, check the cabin and fish tank sewage situation, promptly and quickly deal with. No special circumstances do not allow the load to suddenly increase or remove, so as not to damage the machine. The duty officer should check the working condition of the switchboard, generator, compressor, air bottle, pressure reducing valve, safety valve, heater and booster, and record the cabin log correctly according to the regulations.
3、Starting and matters to be noted after starting
Power start each time you press the start button for no more than 10 seconds, with an interval of 1 minute. Gas start, to check the cold pressure, require 1 time to start successfully, then close the cold valve. Each oil, water pressure gauge readings are normal, smooth diesel engine rotation is normal after, then may know the cab activity vessel. Maneuvering diesel engine should be based on the pressure and temperature of each meter, gradually increase to normal running speed, from no load to full load generally not less than 15 minutes.
4、After stopping the ship
When stopping the ship, the speed should be reduced slowly and then the load should be removed. Close the diesel engine main valve, lubricating oil valve, cooling water valve and compressed air valve immediately after stopping the ship, and close other used switches. During the period of berthing at the dock, it is necessary to turn on the warm engine for more than half an hour every day in winter, and charge it appropriately, drain the bilge water and remove the dirt from all parts of the diesel engine. In the normal state of mothballed for a long time, such as not warming up the engine, should be turned on once a day, and pressure lubricating oil 1 time.
5、Shift handover precautions
Before the shift should be manually refueled at all plus good, and the cabin sewage drained, clean cabin. When the shift should be the main engine and all parts of the body operation during the shift, there is no abnormal phenomenon and repair and adjustment matters are clearly explained, no succession of staff can not leave the job without permission.
Diesel generator is the "heart" of fishing boats, in order to protect the safety of fishing boats, strengthen the operation of fishing boats diesel engine management is essential, I hope the above content will help you.
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