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A piston is a moving disk enclosed in a cylinder which is made gas-tight by piston rings. The disk moves inside the cylinder as a liquid or gas inside the cylinder expands and contracts. A piston aids in the transformation of heat energy into mechanical work and vice versa. Because of this, pistons are a key component of heat engines.Pistons work by transferring the force output of an expanding gas in the cylinder to a crankshaft, which provides rotational momentum to a flywheel.
What causes piston to fail?
A damaged piston can be a result of:incorrectpiston (too small for the cylinder),excessive rocking of the piston, insufficient compression, fuel flood, bent connecting rod, excessive clearance at the conrod bearing, uneven or pitted cylinder walls, lack of lubrication.